Wood description: Today, there are more than 80 varieties of olive trees as a result of interbreeding. The tree grows relatively slowly at first, has a thick trunk and long roots. Due to the growth of the roots, a minimum distance between the trees must be maintained when planting. The tree only starts bearing fruit after 5 years. Olive trees can live for many hundreds of years. Old olive trees are particularly valuable.
Botanical name: Olea europaea L.
Growth area: Around the Mediterranean Sea, East Africa and planted in similar climates elsewhere in the world.